Teste 03


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchThis article is about the South American country. For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation).

Coordinates16°42′43″S 64°39′58″W

Plurinational State of Bolivia
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)
Tetã Hetãvoregua Mborivia  (Guarani)
Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)
Puliwya Mamallaqta (Quechua)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: “La Unión es la Fuerza” (Spanish)
“Unity is Strength”[1]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia” (Spanish)
Dual flag

Location of Bolivia (dark green)in South America (grey)
CapitalSucre (constitutional and judicial)
La Paz (executive and legislative)
Largest citySanta Cruz de la Sierra
17°48′S 63°10′W
Official languages[2]SpanishQuechuaAymaraGuaraniand 33 others (all Indigenous languages)
Ethnic groups (2009[3])68% Mestizo (mixed Native and White)20% Native Bolivian5% White Bolivian2% Cholo1% Afro-Bolivian1% Others3% Unspecified
Religion (2018)[4]88.9% Christianity
—70.0% Roman Catholic
—17.2% Protestant
—1.7% Other Christian
9.3% No religion
1.2% Other religions
0.6% No answer
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• PresidentLuis Arce
• Vice PresidentDavid Choquehuanca
LegislaturePlurinational Legislative Assembly
• Upper houseChamber of Senators
• Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
• Declared6 August 1825
• Recognized21 July 1847
• Admitted to the United Nations14 November 1945
• Current constitution7 February 2009
• Total1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) (27th)
• Water (%)1.29
• 2019[5] estimate11,428,245 (83rd)
• Density10.4/km2 (26.9/sq mi) (224th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total$89.018 billion[6] (88th)
• Per capita$7,790[6] (123rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total$40.687 billion[6] (90th)
• Per capita$3,823[6] (117th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 42.2[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.718[8]
high · 107th
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
Time zoneUTC−4 (BOT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+591
ISO 3166 codeBO
Internet TLD.bo
^ While Sucre is the constitutional capital, La Paz is the seat of government and the executive capital. See below.

Bolivia[a] /bəˈlɪviə/ (listen), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia,[b][9][10] is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The constitutional capital is Sucre, while the seat of government and executive capital is La Paz. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands), a mostly flat region in the east of the country.

The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments. Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon basin. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range. With 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) of area, Bolivia is the fifth largest country in South America, after BrazilArgentinaPeru, and Colombia (and alongside Paraguay, one of the only two landlocked countries in the Americas), the 27th largest in the world, the largest landlocked country in the Southern Hemisphere and the world’s seventh largest landlocked country, after KazakhstanMongoliaChadNigerMali and Ethiopia.